Annotated Bibliography of the
Rio Grande Chirping
cystignathoides campi Stejneger)
Tom Lott [TEL].
[These bibliographies and their
annotations are an on-going project. I have many comments on papers that
I have not yet posted but I will attempt to attend to this task as time allows. Comments
proffered in the annotations are strictly my own opinions and should be taken as such. If
you wish to comment or supply additional references that I have overlooked, you may
contact me via E-mail. Xerox or PDF copies of papers in more difficult to obtain journals
are highly welcomed. To correspond with me, click here. Thanks for reading, Tom Lott]
Anon. 1978. Species
listings for nongame regulations. Tex. Parks Wildl. Dept. Broch. 9000-52: 1-22.
[This taxon was briefly accorded "protected"
status in Texas apparently in total ignorance of its true situation--an aggressive, easily
introduced species. Most of the other "Lower Rio Grande Valley 'endemics'"
(e.g., Similisca baudinii [but oddly not Bufo marinus]) remain in this
status. -- TEL]
Ashton, R.E. 1976. Endangered and
threatened amphibians and reptiles in the United States. Soc. Stud. Amphib. Rept.;
Herp Circular (5): 1-65.
Baldauf, R.J. 1987. Houston invaded
by frogs . . . and few people know it. Explorer 29(1): 4-6.
Blair, W.F. 1949. The biotic
provinces of Texas. Texas J. Sci. 2(1):93-117.
Brach, V. 1992. Discovery of the Rio
Grande chirping frog in Smith County, Texas (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Tex. J. Sci.
44(4): 490. [Smith County record. -- TEL]
Brach, V. 1995. The Phantom
Chirper. Tex. Parks & Wildl. (Mar 1995) 53(3): 43. [A popular account of the discovery of these frogs in Tyler, Texas with
general background information -- TEL]
Brown, B.C. 1950. An
annotated check list of the reptiles and amphibians of Texas. Waco, Tex.:Baylor Univ.
Studies. [Referred to as Syrrhophus campi
Stejenger, the "Valley Chirper." A key is provided, which relies mainly
upon distribution of dorsal markings and maximum size (< 27mm in S.
campi), to distinguish between Texas' three species. Four locality records, all in
Cameron County, are given. Under "Remarks": "In southern Texas Syrrhophus
campi is rather abundant in damp situations particularly during the
breeding season in early spring. It seems to seek refuge under old
boards, bricks, and other damp shelters during the drier part of the year."
Brown was a native of the Lower Rio Grande Valley and should have known this
species well. -- TEL]
Cochran, D.M. 1961. Type specimens
of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus.
Conant, R. 1955. Notes on
three Texas reptiles, including an addition to the fauna of the state. Amer.
Mus. Novit. 1726: 1-6. [Quotes correspondent
Ted Beimler (of Brownsville) as having forced freshly caught specimens of Coniophanes
imperialis to regurgitate Syrrhophus and Gastrophryne.
Beimler also states that he was unable to observe definite effects of this snake's venom
on these frogs except for a prolonged lethargy when the frogs managed to escape from a
snake's grasp. -- TEL]
Conant, R. 1958. A field guide to
the reptiles and amphibians of the United States and Canada east of the 100th
meridian. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
Conant, R. and J.T. Collins. 1991. A
field guide to reptiles and amphibians of eastern-central North America. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin Co.
Conant, R. and J.T. Collins. 1998. A
field guide to reptiles and amphibians of eastern-central North America, 3rd
edition (expanded). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
de la Reza, A.G., C. Balcome, and T.
Schlenke. 1998. Geographic distribution. Syrrhophus cystignathoides.
Herpetol. Rev. 29(2): 108-109.
Dixon, J.R. 1987. Amphibians and
reptiles of Texas. College Station: Texas A&M Press.
Dixon, J.R. 1993. Supplement to the
literature for the Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, 1987. Smithson. Herpetol. Info.
Dixon, J.R. 1996b. Ten year
supplement to Texas herpetological county records published in Amphibians and reptiles
of Texas, 1987. Texas Herpetol. Soc. Spec. Publ. (2):1-64.
Dixon, J.R. 2000. Amphibians and
reptiles of Texas. (2nd edition). College Station: Texas A&M Press
[Includes literature citations for this species- from which most of
these were initially drawn; declines to follow Hedges' lumping of Syrrhophus
into a subgenus of Eleutherodactylus - TEL]
Edwards, R.J. G. Longley, R. Ross, J. Ward,
R. Matthews, and B. Stewart. 1989. A classification of Texas aquatic communities
with special consideration toward the conservation of endangered and threatened taxa. Tex.
J. Sci. 41(3): 231-240.
Garrett, J.M. and D.G. Barker. 1987.
A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Texas. Austin: Texas Monthly
Hayes-Odum, L.A. 1990. Observations
on reproduction and embryonic development in Syrrhophus cystignathoides campi
(Anura: Leptodactylidae). Southwest. Nat. 35(3): 358-361.
Hibbitts, T.J. and D. Laurencio. 2006.
Geographic distribution. Syrrhophus cystignathoides. Herpetol. Rev.
37(4): 491. [Grimes County record -- TEL]
Lutterschmidt, W.I. and M.L. Thies. 1999. Geographic
distribution. Syrrhophus cystignathoides. Herpetol. Rev. 30(1):
Lynch, J.D. 1970. A taxonomic
revision of the leptodactylid frog genus Syrrhophus Cope. Univ. Kans. Publ.
Mus. Nat. Hist. 20(1): 1-45. [Revision of
genus, placing S. campi into the Mexican species S. cystignathoides as a
subspecies. -- TEL]
Mather, C.M., and J.R. Dixon. 1976.
Geographic records of some Texas amphibians and reptiles. Herpetol. Rev. 7(3):
127. [Bexar County record. First
reference to the introduced population of this species occurring in San Antonio, Texas. No
specific locality is listed. -- TEL]
McAllister, C.T., and P. Freed. 1992. Larval
Abbreviata sp. (Spirurida: Physalopteridae) in introduced Rio Grande chirping
frogs, Syrrhophus cystignathoides campi (Anura: Leptodactylidae), from Houston,
Texas. Tex J. Sci. 44(3): 359-361.
McCord, J.S., and M.E. Dorcas. 1989. New
Texas herpetological distribution records from the University of Texas at Arlington
collection of vertebrates. Herpetol. Rev. 20(4): 94-96.
McGown, L., M.T. Dixon, and L.K. Ammerman.
1994. Geographic distribution. Syrrhophus cystignathoides. Herpetol.
Rev. 25(1): 32.
Merker, Gerald. 1999.
The Lovely Cliff Chirping Frog. Reptile Hobbyist March, 1999: 44-48.
[Provides field observations, photos of S.
marnocki (along with S. c. campi and S. guttilatus; erroneously
states that the latter is "protected" by the state of Texas), as well
as rare captive management techniques. States that S. marnocki has not
been bred in captivity -- TEL]
Morafka, D.J. 1977. A
biogeographical analysis of the Chihuahuan desert through its herpetofauna. Biogeographica
Olson, R.E. 1958. An Inquiry Into
the Status of the Texas Frogs of the Genus Syrrhophus. Bull. S.W. Tex.
Herp. Soc. 1(1): 4 [Author states that except for
"trivial" differences in size, almost no differences exist between S.
marnocki and S. campi. Comparing dorsal markings on thirteen preserved
S. campi (collected in 1925 by R.D. Camp himself) in the Witte
Memorial Museum collection with preserved S. marnocki, Olson found "no
appreciable difference between the marking (such as it could be determined) on the
preserved campi and the marnocki." He also cites his
collection of a topotypical S. marnocki with a rerticulate dorsal pattern
(supposedly a character of the similar sized S. gaigeae (= S.
guttilatus) as an indication that the incidence of the reticulate pattern might
increase to the west in marnocki, making gaigeae at best a
subspecies of S. marnocki. Olson provides comparative measurements of a
typical marnocki and his reticulate specimen from the same locality. Line
drawings of the dorsum of each specimen are also presented. He concludes that:
"There is much need for collecting aiming for Syrrhophus in the
counties between Bexar and Cameron, and Uvalde to Brewster," clearly implying that
the three taxa are conspecific. -- TEL]
Owen, J.G. 1989. Patterns of
herpetofaunal species richness : Relation to temperature, precipitation, and variance in
elevation. J. Biogeogr. 16:141-150.
Owen, J.G. and J.R. Dixon. 1989. An
ecogeographic analysis of the herpetofauna of Texas. Southwest Nat. 34(2):
Parmley, D. 1988a. Additional
Pleistocene amphibians and reptiles from the Seymour Formation, Texas. J. Herpetol.
Parmley, D. 1988b. Middle Holocene
herpetofauna of Klein Cave, Kerr County, Texas. Southwest. Nat. 33(3): 378-382.
Quinn, H. R. 1979b. The Rio
Grande chirping frog, Syrrhophus cystignathoides campi (Amphibia,
Leptodactylidae), from Houston, Texas. Trans. Kans. Acad. Sci.
82(4):209-10. [Harris County record -- TEL]
Reddell, J.R. 1970. A checklist of
the cave fauna of Texas. VI. Additional records of Vertebrata. Tex. J. Sci. 22(2-3):
Reddell, J.R., and O. Knox. 1962.
The caves of Bexar County. J. Tex. Speleol. Soc. 1(4): 1-38.
Schmidt, F. J. 2004.
Geographic distribution. Syrrhophus cystignathoides campi. Herpetol. Rev.
35 (4): 407 [Wilson County record
(Eagle Creek Ranch subdivision). Adult collected from under a board 29 JUN 2004,
others heard calling during MAY 2004 at same location. -- TEL]
Schmidt, K.P. 1953. A checklist
of North American amphibians and reptiles. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Sinclair, T. A., J. T. Williams and Wahlberg,
S. A. 2007. Geographic distribution. Syrrhophus
cystignathoides. Herpetol. Rev. 38 (2): 216. [Austin
Co. record. Specimen found in torpid condition under a log with Eumeces
fasciatus in Stephen F. Austin State Park on 3 JAN 2007-- TEL]
Smith, H.M. and H.K. Buechner. 1947. The
influence of the Balcones Escarpment on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in
Texas. Bull. Chi. Acad. Sci. 8(1): 1-16.
Smith, H.M., and D Chiszar.
1997. New records for amphibians and reptiles from Texas. Herpetol. Rev.
Smith, H.M., and J.R. Dixon.
1987. The amphibians and reptiles of Texas: A guide to records needed
from Mexico. Bull. Md. Herpetol. Soc. 23(4): 154-157.
Smith, H.M., and O. Sanders.
1952a. Distributional data on Texas amphibians and reptiles. Tex. J.
Sci. 4(2): 204-219.
Stejneger, L. 1915. A
new species of tailless batrachian from North America. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.
28:131. [The original description of S. campi -- TEL]
Strecker, J.K. 1908b. A preliminary
annotated list of the Batrachia of Texas. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 21: 53-62.
Strecker, J.K. 1915. Reptiles
and amphibians of Texas. Baylor Univ. Bull. 18(4): 1-82 [Published the same year as Stejneger's description of S. campi,
this taxon was not included in this work but was added in an addendum issued later,
"150a. Syrrhophus campi Stejneger. Camp's Frog. Described from
Brownsville in the Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Vol. 28, pages
131, 132, June 29, 1915." -- TEL]
Strecker, J.K. 1930. A catalogue of
the amphibians and reptiles of Travis County, Texas. Contr. Baylor Univ. Mus. 23:1-16.
Strecker, J.K. 1933. Collecting at
Helotes, Bexar County, Texas. Copeia 1933(2): 77-79.
Strecker, J.K. and W.J. Williams. 1927. Herpetological
records from the vicinity of San Marcos, Texas, with distributional data on the
amphibians and reptiles of the Edwards Plateau region and central Texas. Contr. Baylor
Univ. Mus. 12:1-16.
Taggart, T. W. 1997.
Geographical distribution. Syrrhophus cystignathoides. Herpetol.
Rev. 28(2): 94 [Nueces County
record. Waldron Naval Air Landing Field, 1 SEP 1995. Three adults by
day under plywood, 14 adults chorusing at night "from laurel oaks, cattails, and from
the tops of 1 m tall grass clumps." -- TEL]
Tihen, J.A. 1960. Notes on late Cenozoic hylid and
leptodactylid frogs from Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Southwest. Nat. 5(2):
Turner, F.B. 1960. Post metamorphic
growth in anurans. Am. Midl. Nat. 64(2): 327-238.
Turner, F.B. 1962. The demography of
frogs and toads. Q. Rev. Biol. 37(4): 303-314.
Wauer, R. 1980. Naturalist's Big
Bend. An introduction to the trees and shrubs, wildflowers, cacti, mammals, birds,
reptiles and amphibians, fish, and insects. College Station: Texas A&M
Wright, A.H., and A.A. Wright. 1938. Amphibians
of Texas. Proc. Trans. Tex. Acad. Sci. 21(2): 5-44.
Wright, A.H., and A.A. Wright. 1949. Handbook
of frogs and toads of the United States and Canada. Ithaca, N.Y.: Comstock Publishing
Co. [Perhaps the best (and wonderfully anecdotal)
account of this species yet published, from notes made more than seventy years
ago - TEL ]
Rio Grande Chirping Frog page
site maintained by a group at the University of Houston. Includes the following:
Current research at the University of Houston
Molecular tool development
Captive breeding project
Related web sites
Sound bite of call
Photographic sequence of
morphological development from egg to hatching - TEL]
Frost, Darrel R. 2004.
Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 3.0 (22 August, 2004).
Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.
American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. [Under Eleutherodactylus,
provides synonomy, English names, distribution, contained taxa, incertae sedis,
and comments -- TEL]